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Welcome to Bridgeview Dental!
Invisalign & Spark Providers!
Andrew Halpin B.Sc., D.D.S. welcomes you to his general family dentistry practice in the Clayton Park West area of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Dr. Halpin is a dentist who runs a patient-centered family dental practice. We function as the primary source of dental care for all members of a family beginning around age one. We place emphasis on preventive dental services to preserve your dental health and prevent or delay the start of new dental disease.
New patients of all ages are welcome in our practice.
Bridgeview Dental deals with all phases of dentistry from general to cosmetic, including the following:
- Clearing of Infections
- Crowns (Porcelain/Gold/Porcelain Fused to Metal)
- Dental Implant Crown Placement
- Dental Implant Surgical Placement
- Emergency Dental Services
- Gum Therapy
- Invisalign & Spark Invisable Braces Aligner Systems
- Nitrous Oxide Sedation
- Porcelain Veneers
- Repair of Broken Teeth
- Root Canal
- Smile Makeovers
- Snoring and Sleep Apnea
- TMJ (Jaw Joint Disorders)
- Tooth Removal
- White Fillings
- Wisdom Teeth Removal
Our Office Space
Take a tour of our beautiful clinic!
Tour of our clinic!
Posted by Bridgeview Dental on Thursday, September 28, 2017
iTero Element Dental Scanner
We have invested in an iTero Element Dental Scanner!
No more goopy impressions for our patients and results much more accurate than old fashioned impressions!
What Payments Methods Do You Accept?
At Bridgeview Dental we accept payment by cash, Interac, Mastercard, Visa, Amex, Discover and Dental Card which is third-party interest-free financing.
Are My Treatments Covered By Insurance?
Many insurance plans cover a portion or all of the treatments offered at Bridgeview Dental. We normally take payment at the time of your appointment however our office will gladly direct bill your insurance company for dental services. We kindly ask that you leave an imprint of your credit card as well as a signed authorization to put any amounts not covered by your insurance on the card:
- Payment of the portion not covered by your dental plan is expected on or before the day of treatment.
- If we are not able to determine the amount of your dental coverage based on the information provided, full payment of your account is required, or you can sign a waiver to charge your credit card for any amount not paid by your insurance.
- If for any reason your insurance has denied your claim:
- “This service is not a covered expense”
- “The dependant is not on the plan”
- “The claim was submitted after the plan was terminated”
- “We cannot locate the patient with the information provided” or for any other reason, we will bill your credit card, and will forward the appropriate documents to you so that your insurance can reimburse you directly. (if necessary)
What Can I Do If I Have No Insurance Plan Options?
We know that many people do not have a health insurance plan that they can fall back on to help them cover the cost of their treatments. We don’t want this to be a reason why you decide not to continue getting the help you need. We can help you apply for Dental Card financing, where payments can be made over anywhere from 3 months to 6 years.
Check out their website at www.dentalcard.ca
Whatever your situation, we want you to get the care you need. If you are concerned about being able to afford the services offered at Bridgeview Dental please let us know and we can help you make it work. We do not want the cost of dental treatment to get in the way of what you need.
No Financial Surprises
At Bridgeview Dental, before we start a procedure, we’ll give you a cost estimate so you know approximately what the treatment fees will be. If you like, once we have a treatment plan, and the cost, we can check with your insurance company to see what is covered. This way, we can collect from your insurance company immediately if we have all the information we need.
Sometimes if this information isn’t readily available, you’ll have the choice of either delaying treatment until we have 100% of the information, or begin treatment right away on a pay-as-you-go basis. We’ll also accept a credit card imprint for any amount not covered by your dental policy.
In order to make this decision easier, our Treatment Coordinator Carrie will be happy to take the time to go over your insurance coverage and give you a better idea of what your best payment approach might be.
For your convenience, we accept payment from Visa, Mastercard, Interac, Discover and Amex. Dental Card, which is our third-party financing, is available for all treatment situations in order to make them affordable.
3D Digital X-rays
The OP 3D is a unit designed for advanced dental imaging needs. It is a complete X-ray platform that provides easy-to-use features throughout the entire dental imaging workflow. The versatile panoramic, cephalometric and 3D programs offer diagnostic imaging excellence for our patients.
BRIDGEVIEW DENTAL TEAM!
Our clinic is a family-run practice that my partner Dawn and I started, with a vision to provide amazing care to our community. Our plan was always for me to provide the clinical dentistry and she would manage everything, from patient care to administrative duties, on time and with relative ease. Together we built the practice from the "ground up", only having ourselves and a few family members and friends for patients when first opening back in the fall of 1999. It has been a lot of hard work and sacrifice, but now that the practice has grown and developed we are able to see the long-term benefits in our caring, competent staff as well as in our satisfied patients. No advertising we could invest in has provided us with new patients, as much as the positive word of mouth our now established patients have provided and we thank them for that.
Dr. Andrew Halpin
Dr. Halpin obtained his bachelor’s degree from Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Upon graduation, he played professional hockey in Europe and traveled extensively before entering dental school. He received his Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree from Dalhousie University in 1995. He won many awards including the Canadian Dental Association Presidents’ Award – an award presented to one fourth year dental student for leadership, scholarship, humanity and general good character. Dr. Halpin and his family lived in Ottawa for four years until an opportunity to establish a practice in Halifax presented itself in October 1999. This office is the result. In the spring of 2001, Dr. Halpin completed a teaching position at Dalhousie University. He has been an Associate Member of the International Association for Orthodontics since 2001 and in 2010, completed an upgrade in his credentials for Advanced Orthodontics. In 2006 he obtained additional training in the treatment of snoring and sleep apnea through the use of oral appliances, and also became a Certified Invisalign Practioner. In 2007 Dr. Halpin went from placing crowns on implanted teeth, to also surgically placing implants. In 2011 he began offering mini-implants to his patients, especially for denture stabilization. In 2018 Dr. Halpin purchased an iTero scanner to provide digital impressions for our patients and eliminate messy manual impressions. In 2020, Dr. Halpin purchased a 3D digital PAN/Ceph x-ray unit to better service and diagnostics for our patients. He recognizes the importance in providing the most current treatments, thus ongoing continuing education is a priority for all our staff. In his spare time, Andy spends time with his family, plays tennis and guitar, or can be found in a hockey arena coaching his children’s teams.
Dr. Ryan Murphy
Dr. Murphy was born and raised in Halifax, Dr. Murphy graduated from Dalhousie University with a BSc in 2008 and with his Doctor of Dental Surgery in 2012. Following graduation he was one of two dentists selected to the Dalhousie General Practice Residency program. During his residency, Dr. Murphy had an opportunity to treat dental emergencies, gain experience in oral surgery and other hospital based rotations, and travel to Northern Labrador to treat under-served populations. This one-year program is unique within Atlantic Canada, and one of only seven in the country. Dr. Murphy is able to provide Nitrous Oxide sedation for those patients who require it. He is very proficient in oral surgery procedures including extractions, wisdom teeth and surgical placement of dental implants. He is also a Certified Invisalign Provider. In 2020, Dr. Murphy began the process to complete his certification in straight wire orthodontics. In his free time, Ryan enjoys golfing, playing hockey, and spending time outdoors with his wife, Sarah, puppy Charley and two children.
How often should I brush and floss?
Brushing and flossing help control the plaque and bacteria that causes dental disease. Plaque is a film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva that sticks to the teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque convert certain food particles into acids that cause tooth decay. Also, if plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). If plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone, causing periodontal (gum) disease.
Plaque formation and growth is continuous and can only be controlled by regular brushing, flossing, and regular, professional cleanings and checkups with your dentist and hygienist.
Toothbrushing – Brush your teeth at least twice a day (especially before going to bed at night) with a soft bristle brush and toothpaste.
- Brush at a 45 degree angle to the gums, gently using a small, circular motion, ensuring that you always feel the bristles on the gums.
- Brush the outer, inner, and biting surfaces of each tooth.
- Use the tip of the brush head to clean the inside front teeth.
- Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and help your breath smell fresh.
Electric toothbrushes are also recommended. They are easy to use and can remove plaque efficiently. Simply place the bristles of the electric brush on your gums and teeth and allow the brush to do its job, several teeth at a time.
Flossing – Daily flossing is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gum line. Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth, and bone.
- Take 12-16 inches (30-40cm) of dental floss and wrap it around your middle fingers, leaving about 2 inches (5cm) of floss between the hands.
- Using your thumbs and forefingers to guide the floss, gently insert the floss between teeth using a sawing motion.
- Curve the floss into a “C” shape around each tooth and under the gum line. Gently move the floss up and down, cleaning the side of each tooth.
Floss holders are recommended if you have difficulty using conventional floss.
Rinsing – It is important to rinse your mouth with water after brushing, and also after meals if you are unable to brush. If you are using an over-the-counter product for rinsing, it’s a good idea to consult with your dentist or dental hygienist on its appropriateness for you.
Dentists use the term “diastema” to refer to any space (gap) that lies between two teeth. From a standpoint of function and dental health, these types of gap-toothed situations do not pose a problem. In regards to cosmetic appearances, however, some people find them unappealing.
Tooth bonding provides one way a dentist can “close” (fill in) a diastema. Dental bonding can be placed on the two teeth that lie on each side of the gap so to reduce the gap’s overall width. Depending on its original size, a dentist and patient might decide to fill in a diastema just partially or else close it all of the way.
It could be possible that a diastema might be closed by way of placing porcelain veneers rather than dental bonding. For the most part, the same advantages and disadvantages weighed when making a decision between porcelain veneers and composite veneers should be considered when deciding how to close a diastema.
Before & After Photos
Dr. Halpin’s goal is to provide healthy gums and teeth, rendering a brighter and more youthful smile. The following photographs are original, untouched photographs of actual work done by Dr. Halpin.
This patient was a male in his late twenties who presented with rampant decay. Dr. Halpin restored his teeth with white fillings, veneers and crowns which provided the patient with a great new and beautiful smile.
Dark, Stained Teeth
This 57 year old lady was unhappy with her dark, stained smile. Dr. Halpin was able to give her a new, white smile with crowns and veneers. She feels years younger with her beautiful teeth.
This 53 year old male was missing two back molars. Dr. Halpin filled the spaces with two dental implant supported crowns. He can now smile and eat with confidence.
Discoloured Fillings & Crooked Teeth
This 29 year old woman was pleased with her new crowns and whitening that straightened and improved her smile.
Small, Stained Teeth
This 34 year old patient had very small, stained teeth and was also missing some rear teeth. Dr. Halpin restored her smile with dental implants and crowns. She was so happy, she cried once the treatment was complete.
Discoloured Teeth with Failing Crowns
This 43 year old woman was unhappy with her smile due to tetracycline staining as a child. Dr. Halpin gave her new upper crowns and bridges to improve the look of her upper teeth. Her lower teeth still need work.
Bulky White Fillings & Crooked Teeth
This 57 year old lady had many bulky, white fillings with very crooked teeth. Dr. Halpin straightened and strengthened her smile with crowns. She can smile now with confidence.
Spacing & Small Front Teeth
This 27 year old lady had her teeth improved by closing her open spaces with white fillings and custom whitening. She was very pleased with her results.
Stained & Crooked Teeth
This 42 year old patient had her discoloured, crooked teeth replaced with new white veneers, crowns and dental implants. Now she has something to smile about!
Narrow Jaw with Crooked Teeth
This 14 year old girl was unhappy with her crooked teeth. Her upper jaw was also very narrow. Dr. Halpin was able to enhance and straighten her smile with non-extraction orthodontics using functional appliances and then finished her case with braces. She had her orthodontics finished in time for her graduation and was glowing at prom.
Missing Teeth with Large Spaces
This 30 year old woman had her smile drastically revamped with new bridges and crowns. She was thrilled with her new teeth.
Melanie - Clinical & Orthodontic Coordinator
Melanie started work with us upon graduation from Dalhousie University in 2005, and provides excellent oral health care and education to our patients. She obtained her Orthodontic Certification in 2008 through the International Association for Orthodontics and is responsible for many aspects of our patients’ orthodontic care, as well as whitening trays and mouth guards. She completed the College of Dental Hygiene of Nova Scotia Self-Initiation course in 2010 and in 2011 obtained her Local Anaesthesia, for the Dental Hygienist, Certification. Melanie is a thoughtful and caring practitioner who is excellent in working with patients of all ages, especially children. She does our dental supply ordering along with Melissa. In her spare time Melanie is busy raising her two children with her husband.
In 2020, Melanie took on the role of Orthodontic Clinical Coordinator to assist Dr. Halpin with his many orthodontic and larger clinical cases. In 2021, Melanie will no longer be providing chairside hygiene services. She will be moving into a permanent Clinical Coordinator position, working closely with Dr. Halpin as his right hand for orthodontic and larger clinical cases.
Roxana - Hygienist & Orthodontics
Roxana filled in as our second dental hygienist while Melanie was on maternity leave in 2012. We liked her so much, we asked her to stay on in a permanent position after Mel returned. Roxana is an honours graduate of the Dental Hygiene program at Cambrain College in Sudbury, Ontario. She has over ten years experience working as a hygienist and also has orthodontic and children’s dentistry experience. She is fluent in both English and Spanish, is friendly and professional and looks forward to providing excellent oral care to our patients. Roxy completed the CD HNS Self-Initiation course in 2010 and in 2015 obtained her Local Anesthesia Certification for the Dental Hygienist. She obtained her Orthodontic Certification in 2016 through the International Association for Orthodontics and collaborates in keeping our orthodontic charts up to date. In her spare time, Roxana enjoys spending time with family and their dog Carly.
Fallon - Hygienist & Orthodontics
Fallon is an honours graduate of the Toronto College of Dental Hygiene and moved back to Nova Scotia which is her hometown. She began working for us one day per week in January 2017 and our patients loved her so much, we offered her a full time position. She takes pride in her education and is dedicated to making sure all patients feel comfortable when under her care. Fallon graduated with her CD HNS Self-Initiation course and obtained her Local Anesthesia Certification for the Dental Hygienist in 2017. Fallon obtained her Orthodontic Certification in 2018. Fallon assists the Manager with our social media posts and is slowly becoming famous for her “Fallon’s Fun Friday Fact” on social media every Friday! Fallon is hardworking, friendly and excellent with our patients.
Heather - Hygienist
Heather joined our practice in August 2019, after filling in for a year-long maternity leave at another practice, to replace Pier Anne who moved out of province. Heather completed her Dental Hygiene Diploma at Dalhousie University in 2018, along with her College of Dental Hygienists of NS Self-Initiation Course and her Local Anesthesia Course. In her spare time, Heather enjoys exercising, spending time outside with friends and family and trying out new coffee shops! We are pleased to have Heather as part of the Bridgeview Dental team. She is gentle and kind and we look forward to all our patients getting to know her.
Are amalgam (silver) fillings safe?
Over the years there has been some concern as to the safety of amalgam (silver) fillings. An amalgam is a blend of copper, silver, tin and zinc, bound by elemental mercury. Dentists have used this blended metal to fill teeth for more than 100 years. The controversy is due to claims that the exposure to the vapor and minute particles from the mercury can cause a variety of health problems.
According to the Canadian Dental Association (CDA), many dentists use silver fillings to fill teeth. The CDA also states that silver fillings are safe and that studies have failed to find any link between silver containing mercury and any medical disorder.
There are numerous options to silver fillings, including composite (tooth-colored), porcelain, and gold fillings. We encourage you to discuss these options with your dentist so you can determine which the best option for you is. Dr. Halpin rarely uses silver fillings as he prefers other materials.
For more information see the CDA’s website at www.cda.adc.ca
A dental bridge is made up of two dental crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap and a false tooth in between. Natural teeth, dental implants, or a combination of natural teeth and dental implants can be used to support the bridge.
Bridgeview Dental deals with all phases of dentistry from general to cosmetic, including the following:
Treatment Coordinator & Assistants
Tanya - Treatment Coordinator
Tanya joined us in 2020 as our Treatment Coordinator, to replace Carrie who decided to pull away from the dental field to spend more time with her family. Tanya graduated from NSCC Dental assisting in 2004 and had a great career working as a Level 2 Registered Dental Assistant for 10 years. In 2014 Tanya decided to move into the administrative aspect of dentistry, bringing with her a wealth of clinical dental knowledge. Tanya is organized and very knowledgeable in dealing with dental insurance companies. She is dedicated to her position, believes everyone deserves to smile big and because of that she works extra hard to get each patient the bright smile they deserve. Tanya spends her spare time with her partner, two sons Nicholas and Lucas, and their beloved French Bulldog Tucker. Her other passions include kickboxing, hockey, and gathering with her family and friends.
Melissa - Dental Assistant & Front Desk
Melissa our Level 2 Registered Dental Assistant, graduated in 2001 from the Nova Scotia Institute of Technology. She has worked with us since 2002 and has the best memory in the clinic for faces and names. Melissa’s knowledge and experience allow her to address questions and concerns you may have about any dental procedures. Melissa works chairside with mainly Dr. Murphy and sometimes with Dr. Halpin. You will also see her working at the front desk as she is cross-trained to work both chairside and front desk tasks. Her kind approach and friendly smile always make our patients feel welcome and relaxed.
Haley - Dental Assistant
Haley graduated from Level 2 Dental Assisting at the Nova Scotia Institute of Technology in 1999. Within a few months she moved to Ottawa where she practiced in both Orthodontics and General Dentistry. She also got married to her best friend. After 15 years Haley and her husband decided to come home to be closer to family and the ocean. As a dental assistant Haley enjoys helping people understand dental procedures and feel comfortable and relaxed. She is organized, intelligent and experienced. Sharing in volunteer work as well as spending time with friends and family are an important part of how she spends her downtime. In addition to working chairside, Haley handles our dental supply inventory system and all our ordering. We are blessed to have her as part of the Bridgeview Dental team!
Ting - Dental Assistant
Ting joined us in 2020 as a Level 2 Registered Dental Assistant, to work chairside with Dr. Halpin and Dr. Murphy. She graduated in 2019 from the Dental Assisting program at NSCC. Ting also has a Bachelors’ Degree in Accounting and six years of working experience in customer service.
Ting moved to Canada with her parents in 2014 and has spent the past six years improving herself in this new environment. She has been steadfast in her educational pursuits and was able to persist through many challenges. Through much hard work, she was able to complete her dental assisting education successfully in Canada and settle into her new life.
Ting is able to effectively communicate in English and Mandarin and also speaks some French. She enjoys assisting patients by translating when they have questions about their teeth. Ting works part-time in our clinic on Wednesdays and Thursdays. She is an excellent chairside assistant who is extremely hardworking, always smiling and a huge team player. We are thrilled to work with her and excited to see her grow in her new role with us. In her spare time, Ting enjoys doing yoga, reading and spending time with her partner.
How often should I have a dental exam and cleaning?
You should have your teeth checked and cleaned at least twice a year, though your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend more frequent visits. Regular dental exams and cleaning visits are essential in preventing dental problems and maintaining the health of your teeth and gums. At these visits, your teeth are cleaned and checked for cavities. Additionally, there are many other things that are checked and monitored to help detect, prevent, and maintain your dental health. These include:
- Medical history review: Knowing the status of any current medical conditions, new medications, and illnesses, gives us insight to your overall health and also your dental health.
- Examination of diagnostic x-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
- Oral cancer screening: Checks the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
- Gum disease evaluation: Checks the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
- Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces checked for decay with dental instruments.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
- Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line, and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
- Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease.
- Teeth polishing: Removes stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.
- Oral hygiene recommendations: Review and recommend oral hygiene aids as needed (electric dental toothbrushes, special cleaning aids, fluorides, rinses, etc.).
- Review dietary habits: Your eating habits play a very important role in your dental health.
As you can see, a good dental exam and cleaning involves quite a lot more than just checking for cavities and polishing your teeth. We are committed to providing you with the best possible care, and to do so will require regular check-ups and cleanings.
Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal ofdental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities(dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and flossing, and dental hygienistscan remove hardened deposits not removed by routine cleaning.
People always comment on how nice my teeth are now and they make me feel confident.
With a great smile, I definitely feel more confident in my appearance. Braces were worth it. Thank you Dr. Halpin!
I wasn’t always sure I could have the smile I always wanted. Dr. Halpin and his staff made it a reality and affordable. At Bridgeview you can definitely expect professionalism, excellence and friendliness.
I love my smile. I went my whole life not smiling and now I can smile with confidence!! Thank you Dr. Halpin.
Because of Dr. Halpin I am now able to smile with confidence.
Office Manager & Support Staff
Dawn Halpin, Office Manager
Dawn was initially trained at Dalhousie University with a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing and worked as a Registered Nurse in renal dialysis and transplant from 1991-2000. She was responsible for aspects of human resources during her nursing career and when Dr. Halpin wanted to start his own practice in 1999, she was drawn into working with him to handle all business aspects of the clinic.
Dawn does it all, HR & payroll, bookkeeping, A/R, A/P, social media and all marketing for the clinic. She jumps in wherever she’s needed to support our team. She is our resident IT support too!
In addition to managing the dental office, Dawn is a choreographer for Dartmouth Dance Academy’s competitive dance team Fusion and is busy raising her and Andy’s four children.
She truly believes we have the best dental staff anywhere and feels that they are her second family.
Amy, Orthodontic Financial Coordinator
Amy joined us in the fall of 2017. She has a background of working in administration. She graduated with a degree in Journalism in 2005 and spent some time working at a radio station reading the weekend news on-air.
In 2018, Amy was promoted to Orthodontic Financial Coordinator after demonstrating her stellar organizational skills.
Amy is happy to be part of the team delivering exceptional customer service and in her spare time making “the best chocolate chip muffins,” at least according to her kids.
Amy is easygoing and very hardworking. She keeps our front desk on task. We love having Amy as part of our Bridgeview Dental front desk team!
Mary, Dental Receptionist
Mary moved to the east coast from Port Perry, Ontario in 2019 and quickly settled into our practice. She replaced Kathryn who returned to university for her dental degree.
Mary became a Certified Level 2 Dental Assistant in 2004 and has spent the past 15 years working in the dental field. She has lots of experience in dental administration.
In her spare time, Mary enjoys spending time with her husband, two children, six chickens, dog, and snake!
Trina, Dental Receptionist
Trina became a part of our team in June 2020, when we reopened after our mandatory COVID closure. The clinic was so busy, we needed the extra assistance at our front desk.
She brings with her more than 25 years of business administrative experience, with 14 years of experience being in dental administration. Trina is responsible for scheduling patient appointments, assisting with payments and answering any inquiries patients may have during their treatment journey. Trina also has experience as a sterilization technician at her previous positions.
In her spare time, Trina and her partner Jeff enjoy travelling, golf, kayaking, hiking, curling, biking and skiing. She also enjoys spending time with friends and family and snuggling with her two cats Charlie and Google.
Sharen, Accounts Receivable
Sharen assists patients at our front desk and assists the manager with A/R. She brings over 25 years of experience running a business and working in the dental field!
Sharen is usually the one to contact patients after an appointment if there is an issue with their insurance or for any outstanding balances.
Sharen is hardworking – we have to try and force her to take a break – and always has the best, positive attitude. We love having her as part of our team.
In her spare time, Sharen is busy with her grandchildren.
How can I tell if I have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease)?
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. Unlike tooth decay, which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have periodontal disease without noticeable symptoms. Having regular dental check-ups and periodontal examinations are very important and will help detect if periodontal problems exist.
Periodontal disease begins when plaque, a sticky, colorless, film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums. The bacteria produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly will ensure that plaque is not left behind to do its damage.
Other than poor oral hygiene, there are several other factors that may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco – Tobacco users are more likely than nonusers to form plaque and tartar on their teeth.
- Certain tooth or appliance conditions – Bridges that no longer fit properly, crowded teeth, or defective fillings that may trap plaque and bacteria.
- Many medications – Steroids, cancer therapy drugs, blood pressure meds, oral contraceptives. Some medications have side effects that reduce saliva, making the mouth dry and plaque easier to adhere to the teeth and gums.
- Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and puberty – Can cause changes in hormone levels, causing gum tissue to become more sensitive to bacteria toxins.
- Systemic diseases – Diabetes, blood cell disorders, HIV / AIDS, etc.
- Genetics may play role – Some patients may be predisposed to a more aggressive type of periodontitis. Patients with a family history of tooth loss should pay particular attention to their gums.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:
- Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
- Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
- Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
- Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
- Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
- Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
- Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Clearing of Infections
An abscessed tooth is a painful infection at the root of a tooth or between the gum and a tooth. It’s most commonly caused by severe tooth decay. Other causes of tooth abscess are trauma to the tooth, such as when it is broken or chipped, and gingivitis or gum disease.
These problems can cause openings in the tooth enamel, which allows bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (called the pulp). The infection may also spread from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth.
To eliminate infection, the abscess may need to be drained. Achieving drainage may be done through the tooth by a procedure known as a root canal. The tooth may also be extracted, allowing drainage through the socket. Finally, a third way to drain the abscess would be by incision into the swollen gum tissue.
Antibiotics are prescribed to help fight the infection. To relieve the pain and discomfort associated with an abscessed tooth, warm salt-water rinses and over-the-counter pain medication like ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) can be used.
Location & Hours
We moved into our brand new beautiful office at 273 Bedford Highway on June 1, 2009 under our new clinic name “Bridgeview Dental”. We are up on the 3rd floor of the building and have elevator access for your convenience. Our new location is only 2km from our old location and still provides ample free parking in the carport under our raised building. Patients have a lovely view of the Bedford Basin and the MacKay Bridge while getting their dental work done.
How can cosmetic dentistry help improve the appearance of my smile?
If you’re feeling somewhat self-conscious about your teeth, or just want to improve your smile, cosmetic dental treatments may be the answer to a more beautiful, confident smile.
Cosmetic dentistry has become very popular in the last several years, not only due to the many advances in cosmetic dental procedures and materials available today, but also because patients are becoming more and more focused on improving their overall health. This includes dental prevention and having a healthier, whiter, more radiant smile.
There are many cosmetic dental procedures available to improve your teeth and enhance your smile. Depending on your particular needs, cosmetic dental treatments can change your smile dramatically, from restoring a single tooth to having a full mouth make-over. Ask your dentist how you can improve the health and beauty of your smile with cosmetic dentistry.
Teeth Whitening: Whitening lightens teeth that have been stained or discolored by age, food, drink, and smoking. Teeth darkened as a result of injury or taking certain medications can also be whitened, but the effectiveness depends on the degree of staining present.
Composite (tooth-colored) Fillings: Also known as “bonding”, composite fillings are now widely used instead of amalgam (silver) fillings to repair teeth with cavities, and also to replace old defective fillings. Tooth-coloured fillings are also used to repair chipped, broken, or discolored teeth. This type of filling is also very useful to fill in gaps and to protect sensitive, exposed root surfaces caused by gum recession.
Porcelain Veneers: Veneers are thin custom-made, tooth-colored shells that are bonded onto the fronts of teeth to create a beautiful individual smile. They can help restore or camouflage damaged, discolored, poorly shaped, or misaligned teeth. Unlike crowns, veneers require minimal tooth structure to be removed from the surface of the tooth.
Porcelain Crowns (caps): A crown is a tooth-colored, custom-made covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. Crowns protect and strengthen teeth that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations. They are ideal for teeth that have large, fractured or broken fillings, teeth with root canals and also for those that are badly decayed.
Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial roots that are surgically placed into the jaw to replace one or more missing teeth. Porcelain crowns, bridges, and dentures can be made specifically to fit and attach to implants, giving a patient a strong, stable, and durable solution to removable dental appliances such as dentures, bridges and partial bridges.
Orthodontics: Less visible and more effective brackets and wires are making straightening teeth with orthodontics much more appealing to adult patients. Also, in some cases, teeth may be straightened with custom-made, clear, removable aligners that require no braces (Invisalign).
Thanks to the advances in modern dentistry, cosmetic treatments can make a difference in making your smile shine!
Crowns (Porcelain/Gold/Porcelain Fused to Metal)
A dental crown is a restorative oral prosthesis, similar to a thimble over a thumb, and that is shaped and made to look like a real tooth. A crown is usually placed over a tooth that was damaged by eitherdecay or by a fracture, to cover and protect it by reconstructing its shape, its size and its strength. A deteriorated tooth, which requires a dental crown, may be alive or have been treated with a root canal.
Once cemented, a dental crown completely covers the portion of the tooth which is above the gum. Porcelain is the material that is mainly used to make a crown because of its aesthetic qualities, with visual properties that are very similar to dental enamel. Therefore a crown looks like a real tooth in its shape and colour.
Reasons for a crown:
- To protect a weakened tooth (by tooth decay for example) against rupture, or to keep together a cracked tooth.
- To restore an already broken tooth or a severely worn out tooth.
- To restore a tooth that has had a root canal and a post.
- To cover and support a tooth that had a large filling when there isn’t enough healthy tooth structure left to be restored by a new filling.
- To cover a tooth that is malformed or severely discoloured.
- To cover a dental implant.
Types of crowns:
- An all ceramic crown is the most aesthetic crown because it is made of porcelain only and is Dr. Halpin’s preferred material. Its shape and colour can match the qualities of natural teeth very closely. Porcelain only crowns are recommended for anterior (front) teeth to favour beauty and offer a better looking smile. Porcelain crowns are generally fabricated in a dental laboratory.
- A crown made of gold alloy is the one that lasts the longest. It resists very well to chewing forces, it rarely breaks, and it causes very little wear to opposing teeth. The gold’s metallic colour is the main disadvantage of this type of crown and this factor reduces its popularity.
- A crown made of porcelain fused to gold is a more aesthetic crown than the one made of gold alloy. Porcelain can make a crown look very similar to a natural tooth. The gold part, which is located below the porcelain, helps give strength to the tooth. Sometimes the gold under the porcelain may show, especially at the gum level.
- A CEREC crown is also made of porcelain only. This technology allows the dentist to engineer himself the crown following an electronic impression. Even though CEREC’s porcelain is an option today, dental laboratory’s porcelains are still more aesthetic and resemble more the natural appearance of teeth.
A temporary or provisional crown is made by the dentist himself and has a lifespan of a few weeks. It is made of acrylic or stainless steel, and serves as a temporary restoration until the permanent crown is made by a dental laboratory. A temporary crown is not strong and can break easily.
Appointments, Fees & AGP
The first appointment is usually reserved for a comprehensive examination and x-rays, unless you have an emergency condition or specific problem. We will discuss with you our findings with the use of the intraoral camera, why we have made the recommendation, as well as a proposed treatment plan and cost estimate.
After the treatment is completed, you will be given a recall (cleaning) appointment for usually 6 months time (sometimes sooner). Our staff will call to remind you of your appointment within two weeks before it is due. These recall appointments will permit us to maintain your good state of dental health and find developing problems early before they require a great deal of time and expense.
We Can See You Today!
We see a large number of emergencies every week. We block our schedule on a regular basis to save room for emergencies. We can squeeze someone in if they are having a problem. We will always do our best to help out someone in pain, or with any urgent issue.
If you are experiencing an emergency dental situation call us at 902-445-9255 to have us fit you in today!
We try hard to stick to our patient schedule so that you are not kept waiting. Sometimes situations during treatment occur that are beyond our control, and we fall behind. We ask for your patience and understanding in these cases.
If you arrive late for your appointment, we will perform what treatment we can with the time remaining, then schedule another appointment to complete treatment so as not to keep our other patients waiting. If you are very late, you will need to reschedule your appointment in all fairness to others.
If you miss your appointment, our staff will attempt to contact you immediately to reschedule. There is a $75. charge for missed appointments when two-business days notice is not given.
Aerosol Generating Procedures Fee (AGP)
The AGP (Aerosol Generating Procedure codes) are standard dental codes that were developed post-COVID closures, by the National and Provincial Dental Associations, in collaboration with the Canadian Insurance Association and Dr. Robert Strang. They are for use by all dental clinics nationally and were specifically developed to help cover a fraction of the costs for the additional PPE used by clinic staff post-COVID, for the protection of our patients and staff alike.
Initially, we did not see these codes covered by dental insurance, although now many are covering them. This is an issue with the insurance companies, as the clinics were told all insurance companies would be covering these fees. The additional PPE provides extra protection from the spread of COVID, due to aerosol droplets produced during dental procedures. As these tools were never a normal part of our job, the dental and insurance associations decided to create codes for them. The cost of our normal gear, in some instances, has gone up 2000 percent. For example, an N95 mask that used to cost $1.00, is now $20.00 and a box of 50 gloves that used to cost $23.00, is now $77.00. We wear a new mask for each patient, along with a new isolation gown, face shield, eye protection, hair protection, etc.
These codes are now a normal part of the billing process for all dental procedures and involve either a $10 charge (non-aerosol generating procedure) or a $20 charge (aerosol-generating procedure). They are meant to slightly offset the cost of the PPE and not cover it entirely. We suggest you contact your dental insurance providers and encourage them to cover the codes.
Dental fees for all clinics will be increasing, whether hidden or not, as we know many other clinics that have already done so. We have chosen to charge the AGP fees and not increase our fees overall for dental procedures.
What are my options if I have missing teeth?
With many state-of-the-art dental treatments and prevention options available in dentistry today, there are fewer reasons for having to extract (remove) teeth. When something does go wrong with a tooth, we try to do everything possible to restore the tooth to its original function. Removing a tooth is the last option because we know that removal may lead to severe and costly dental and cosmetic problems if the tooth is not replaced.
Losing a tooth can be a very traumatic experience and it’s very unfortunate when it does happen. Injury, accident, fracture, severe dental decay, and gum disease are the major reasons for having to remove a tooth. If teeth are lost due to injury or have to be removed, it is imperative that they be replaced to avoid cosmetic and dental problems in the future.
When a tooth is lost, the jaw bone that helped to support that tooth begins to atrophy, causing the teeth on either side to shift or tip into the open space of the lost tooth. Also, the tooth above or below the open space will start to move towards the open space because there is no opposing tooth to bite on. These movements may create problems such as decay, gum disease, excessive wear on certain teeth, and TMJ (jaw joint) problems. These problems and movements do not result immediately, but will eventually appear, compromising your chewing abilities, the health of your bite, and the beauty of your smile.
Options for replacement of missing teeth:
Removable bridges – This type of bridge is a good solution for replacing one or more missing teeth, especially in complex dental situations where other replacement options are not possible. They are usually made of tooth-colored, artificial teeth combined with metal clasps that hook onto adjacent natural teeth. Removable bridges are the most economical option for replacing missing teeth, but may be the least aesthetically pleasing. This is because the metal clasps on the appliances are often impossible to completely conceal.
Fixed bridges – This type of bridge is generally made of porcelain or composite material and is anchored (cemented) permanently to a natural teeth adjacent to the missing tooth site. The benefit of this type of bridge is that it is fixed (not removable) and it is very sturdy. The disadvantage is that in order to create a fixed appliance, two healthy, natural teeth will have to be crowned (capped) to hold the bridge in place.
Dentures – This type of tooth replacement is used when most or all of the natural teeth are missing in one dental arch. Dentures are removable artificial teeth that are made to closely resemble the patients’ original teeth.
Implants – Are a great way to replace one or more missing teeth. They may also be great to support ill fitting dentures. A dental implant is an artificial root that is surgically placed into the jaw bone to replace a missing tooth. An artificial tooth is placed on the implant, giving the appearance and feel of a natural tooth. Implants are very stable, durable, and are the most aesthetically pleasing tooth replacement option.
If you are missing teeth, ask us if they need replacement and what options are available to you. Together we will select the best replacement option for your particular case. Prevention and early treatment is always less involved and less costly than delaying treatment and allowing a serious problem to develop.
Dental Implant Crown Placement
A replacement tooth called a crown will be created for you by your dentist and attached to the implant abutment. After a short time, you will experience restored confidence in your smile and your ability to chew and speak. Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling, you may forget you ever lost a tooth.
What can be done about old, unattractive, or discoloured fillings?
Most of us have fillings in our mouths that date back many years and some may have even been placed during our childhood. These fillings may now be old, dark, and unattractive, making us feel self-conscious when we smile, laugh, and talk. Old fillings are not only unattractive, they may also be defective. When a filling is old, the margins (space between the tooth and filling) may eventually open and allow bacteria and food debris to enter, potentially causing dental decay.
Your dentist can check your fillings and evaluate if they are defective and need replacement. Also, if you simply want to replace fillings that are unattractive, you and your dentist can decide which ones should be replaced first and what replacement options would best suit you. There are many state-of-the-art dental filling materials and procedures available today that are quick, painless, and cost effective for replacing old, unattractive or defective fillings.
Options for replacing old, unattractive, or discoloured fillings:
Composite (bonding) fillings – These are tooth-coloured fillings that can be closely matched to the color of your existing teeth. They are particularly well suited for use in front teeth or visible parts of teeth and are one of the best ways to improve the health and beauty of your smile.
Crowns (Caps) – These types of restoration are used when a tooth is too damaged and cannot be repaired with a filling or other type of restoration. A crown is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens the remaining tooth structure and can be made of gold, porcelain, and other tooth-coloured materials.
Inlays/Onlays – These restorations are custom made fillings. They can be made of composite resin, porcelain or gold and are made by a dental laboratory and placed by a dentist. Inlays/onlays are usually best for the posterior chewing surfaces of teeth and are utilized to conservatively repair teeth that have large defective/unattractive fillings or have been damaged by decay or trauma.
Porcelain veneers – Used primarily in the front teeth, veneers are very thin shells of tooth-shaped porcelain that are individually crafted and permanently cemented to the front surface of teeth. They are a great solution for fixing discoloured, pitted, shipped, malformed, or slightly crooked teeth. Veneers are also used if you have unwanted spaces. Veneers are very durable, natural looking, and do not stain. This makes veneers a very popular solution for restoring a smile impaired by old, unattractive fillings.
As you can see, there are various options for replacing old, unattractive fillings. These treatments will provide strong, natural, and long-lasting replacement solutions to enhance the health and beauty of your smile.
Dental Implant Surgical Placement
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that the dentist places into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason. Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling, you may forget you ever lost a tooth.
In 2007, Dr. Halpin went from placing crowns on implanted teeth, to also surgically placing implants. This has reduced our patients’ wait for an implant as they no longer have to be referred to an oral surgeon for the procedure.
What does heart disease and other medical conditions have to do with periodontal (gum) disease?
Many people are unaware that having periodontal disease (the destruction of gum tissue and bone that hold our teeth in place) can affect your overall health. Periodontal disease is one of the most common infections; often more prevalent than the common cold! Periodontal disease is not only the number one reason people lose teeth; it can also affect the health of your body!
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection, and in its earliest stages, it’s called gingivitis. It starts when an accumulation of plaque (a colony of bacteria, food debris, and saliva) is NOT regularly removed from the gums and teeth. The bacteria in plaque produce toxins/acids that irritate and infect the gums and eventually destroy the jaw bone that supports the teeth. When periodontal disease is not treated it can eventually lead to tooth loss!
There are numerous studies that have looked into the correlation between gum disease and major medical conditions. These studies suggest people with periodontal disease are at a greater risk of systemic disease and indicate that periodontal disease may cause oral bacteria to enter the bloodstream and travel to major organs and begin new infections. Research suggests that periodontal bacteria in the blood stream may:
- Contribute to the development of heart disease
- Increase the risk of stroke
- Compromise the health of those that have diabetes or respiratory diseases
- Increase a woman’s risk of having a preterm, low-birth weight baby
Researchers conclude there is still much research to be done to understand the link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases, but enough research has been done to support that infections in the mouth can play havoc elsewhere in the body.
To ensure a healthy, disease-free mouth, we recommend the importance of regular dental check-ups and cleanings, which include a periodontal evaluation. Also, diligent home care and a proper diet can help reduce the plaque and bacteria in the mouth.
Remember the mouth body connection! Taking care of your oral health may contribute to your overall medical health!
Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants.
Dr. Halpin is now able to utilize mini implants for the stabilization of a complete denture.
What should I do if I have bad breath?
Bad breath (halitosis) can be an unpleasant and embarrassing condition. Many of us may not realize that we have bad breath, but everyone has it from time to time, especially in the morning. There are various reasons one may have bad breath, but in healthy people, the major reason is due to microbial deposits on the tongue, especially the back of the tongue. Some studies have shown that simply brushing the tongue reduced bad breath by as much as 70%.
What may cause bad breath?
- Morning time – Saliva flow almost stops during sleep and its reduced cleansing action allows bacteria to grow, causing bad breath.
- Certain foods – Garlic, onions, etc. Foods containing odour-causing compounds enter the blood stream; they are transferred to the lungs, where they are exhaled.
- Poor oral hygiene habits – Food particles remaining in the mouth promote bacterial growth.
- Periodontal (gum) disease – Colonies of bacteria and food debris residing under inflamed gums.
- Dental cavities and improperly fitted dental appliances – May also contribute to bad breath.
- Dry mouth (Xerostomia) – May be caused by certain medications, salivary gland problems, or continuous mouth breathing.
- Tobacco products – Dry the mouth, causing bad breath.
- Dieting – Certain chemicals called ketones are released in the breath as the body burns fat.
- Dehydration, hunger, and missed meals – Drinking water and chewing food increases saliva flow and washes bacteria away.
- Certain medical conditions and illnesses – Diabetes, liver and kidney problems, chronic sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia are several conditions that may contribute to bad breath.
Keeping a record of what you eat may help identify the cause of bad breath. Also, review your current medications, recent surgeries, or illnesses with your dentist.
What can I do to prevent bad breath?
- Practice good oral hygiene – Brush at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and toothbrush. Floss daily to remove food debris and plaque from in between the teeth and under the gum line. Brush or use a tongue scraper to clean the tongue and reach the back areas. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months. If you wear dentures or removable bridges, clean them thoroughly and place them back in your mouth in the morning.
- See your dentist regularly – Get a check-up and cleaning at least twice a year. If you have or have had periodontal disease, your dentist will recommend more frequent visits.
- Stop smoking/chewing tobacco – Ask your dentist what they recommend to help break the habit.
- Drink water frequently – Water will help keep your mouth moist and wash away bacteria.
- Use mouthwash/rinses – Some over-the-counter products only provide a temporary solution to mask unpleasant mouth odor. Ask your dentist about antiseptic rinses that not only alleviate bad breath, but also kill the germs that cause the problem.
In most cases, your dentist can treat the cause of bad breath. If it is determined that your mouth is healthy, but bad breath is persistent, your dentist may refer you to your physician to determine the cause of the odour and an appropriate treatment plan.
Emergency Dental Services
Our office sets aside time daily for emergency care. If you have a dental emergency please do not hesitate to call for assistance. For after hour emergency care, please call the office where there will be a phone number on our answering machine with instructions on how to get in touch with the dentist on call. Please do not hesitate to call if needed.
What should I do if a tooth is knocked out?
We’re all at risk for having a tooth knocked out. More than 5 million teeth are knocked out every year! If we know how to handle this emergency situation, we may be able to actually save the tooth. Teeth that are knocked out may be possibly re-implanted if we act quickly, yet calmly, and follow these simple steps:
- Locate the tooth and handle it only by the crown (chewing part of the tooth), NOT by the roots.
- DO NOT scrub or use soap or chemicals to clean the tooth. If it has dirt or debris on it, rinse it gently with your own saliva or whole milk. If that is not possible, rinse it very gently with water.
- Get to a dentist within 30 minutes. The longer you wait, the less chance there is for successful re-implantation.
Ways to transport the tooth:
- Try to replace the tooth back in its socket immediately. Gently bite down on gauze, a wet tea bag or on your own teeth to keep the tooth in place. Apply a cold compress to the mouth for pain and swelling as needed.
- If the tooth cannot be placed back into the socket, place the tooth in a container and cover with a small amount of your saliva or whole milk. You can also place the tooth under your tongue or between your lower lip and gums. Keep the tooth moist at all times. Do not transport the tooth in a tissue or cloth.
The sooner the tooth is replaced back into the socket, the greater the likelihood it has to survive and possibly last for many years. So be prepared, and remember these simple steps for saving a knocked-out tooth.
You can prevent broken or knocked-out teeth by:
- Wearing a mouth guard when playing sports.
- Always wearing your seatbelt.
- Avoiding fights.
- Avoid chewing hard items such as ice, popcorn kernels, hard breads, etc.
What are some helpful links?
The foremost cause of gum disease is plaque buildup, which forms on your teeth continuously. This sticky, clear substance can be somewhat eliminated with regular, twice-a-day flossing and brushing of the teeth; however, these methods do not adequately rid the teeth and gums of all plaque, so routine professional cleaning is essential.
Almost 75% of the general population does not get their teeth professionally cleaned on a basis regular enough to prevent gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), which, if left untreated, turns into periodontitis (advanced gum disease).
Typical non-surgical gum treatments include root planning and scaling, and are usually advised if pockets exist between your gums and teeth that exceed a depth of three millimeters. Scaling and root planing is considered “conventional periodontal therapy,” and differs from regular professional cleanings by cleaning deeper beneath the gum line and eliminating more than the soft, sticky plaque that is removed by general cleaning.
Local freezing can be provided if a patient hasn’t had a cleaning for a long time and finds a scaling or root planning session uncomfortable.
Invisalign & Spark Invisible Braces Aligner Systems
Invisalign and Spark aligner systems are a series of clear, removable teeth aligners that dentists use as an alternative to traditional metal dental braces. Your clear aligner treatment will consist of a series of aligners that you switch out about every two weeks. Each aligner is individually manufactured with exact calculations to gradually shift your teeth into place. Since your aligner system is custom-made for your teeth and your teeth only, with a plan devised by you and your dentist, you know you’ll end up with a smile that truly fits.
Dr. Halpin has been a Certified Invisalign Practitioner since 2006. Our support staff are also all trained in clear aligner systems.
In 2020 our team began also offering the Spark aligner system, in addition to Invisalign. We find benefits to both aligner systems and work together with our patients to find the aligner system that will work best for them.
Properly diagnosed, designed, and custom fabricated mouthguards are essential in the prevention of athletic oral/facial injuries. A properly fitted mouthguard must be protective, comfortable, resilient, tear resistant, odorless, tasteless, not bulky, cause minimal interference to speaking and breathing, and (possibly the most important criteria) have excellent retention, fit, and sufficient thickness in critical areas. Presently, over 90% of the mouthguards worn are of the variety bought at sporting good stores. The other 10% are of the custom made variety diagnosed and designed by a health professional (dentist and/or athletic trainer). We highly recommend a custom made mouthguard, for the very best in oral/facial protection as well as concussion deterrence.
Nitrous Oxide Sedation
Dental anxiety or phobia is said to effect up to 75% of the population in one way or another. At Bridgeview Dental we have a commitment to provide a great experience for all of our patients. Patients have dental fears for various reasons. We find for the majority of patients that a little bit of extra TLC and patience is all it takes to alleviate this stress. For other patients sedation is the best approach to reducing anxiety and fear.
At Bridgeview Dental we offer both Oral Sedation and Nitrous Sedation and a combination of both. We also refer patients to receive both IV sedation and general anesthetic if necessary.
What is Nitrous Oxide Sedation?
Nitrous Oxide (commonly known as laughing gas) is a sweet smelling gas that has both an analgesic (pain relieving) and anxiolytic (anxiety reducing) effect when inhaled as a mixture with Oxygen. Nitrous Oxide enters and leaves the body unchanged and therefore has a rapid onset and rapid recovery time. This also allows the operator to control the level of effect throughout the procedure. Nitrous oxide and oxygen are delivered to the patient through a tight fitting nose mask.
Who is Nitrous Oxide Sedation for?
Nitrous Oxide sedation has a range of uses in the dental offices. Some patients only fear the dental injection (needle) and we only use sedation for this stage of treatment. Other patients feel anxiety during the entire procedure and this can be heightened by the drill noise and such. Nitrous Oxide sedation can also help patients with a lower pain tolerance.
Nitrous Oxide sedation can be particularly useful in children’s dental care. Many children are afraid of needles and dental treatment. Nitrous Oxide sedation can be administered to keep a child from panicking during the procedure. It may also completely eliminate the need for anesthetic.
Who can not take Nitrous Oxide Sedation?
You must discuss this with your dentist as everybody has their own unique medical history. In general, Nitrous Oxide sedation can be safely administered on most of the population, depending on behaviour. As long as the patient is cooperative, we can usually use it and each patient is pre-assessed for it’s use. All health concerns will be discussed with the dentist prior to nitrous use.
How long until I recover from the sedation? Can I drive home after?
Once the Nitrous Oxide gas is turned off, the patient is breathing 100% Oxygen. It only takes a few seconds for the effects to fade. We keep you on 100% Oxygen for 3-5 minutes just to be safe. This also helps prevent possible headaches afterwards. As long as you feel fine you are free to leave unattended and drive as well.
If you are interested in receiving treatment under Nitrous Oxide Sedation, please call us at 902-445-9255 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Orthodontics (from Greek orthos “straight or proper”; and odons“tooth”) is the specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Dr. Halpin’s philosophy with orthodontics is based on early intervention as much as possible. This means every child should have an orthodontic consultation, which can be done during a regular hygiene cleaning appointment, by 6 yrs of age. Then a plan can be outlined which often uses functional oral appliances (retainers) and braces.
Dr. Halpin has been an Associate Member of the International Association for Orthodontics since 2001 and in 2010, completed an upgrade in his credentials for Advanced Orthodontics. Our hygienists are also fully trained and certified in providing orthodontics. In 2017 we invested in an iTero dental scanner to benefit our patients. This means no more goopy impressions!
Veneers are thin shells that cover the front side of teeth. They are used to restore stained, discoloured, deformed or slightly damaged teeth from wearing out. Veneers are mainly placed over front teeth, therefore correcting their contour, colour and size to improve the smile’s appearance.
Although we do provide veneers in our office in some situations, Dr. Halpin still believes that in most cases orthodontics is a better long-term solution than veneers.
Recontouring involves the removal of small amounts of tooth enamel in order to change the length, shape or surface contours of a tooth. It is a relatively quick and painless procedure and is also called tooth reshaping or odontoplasty. It is an effective way to correct minor imperfections and can improve overall dental health, by removing minor crevices or overlaps where plaque or tartar can build up. When recontouring cannot completely fix tooth imperfections, your dentist may combine this treatment with bonding.
Repair of Broken Teeth
There are several types of tooth fractures and breaks, each of which requires a different treatment:
- Minor cracks — Also called “craze lines,” these are surface cracks that affect only the outer white surface of the tooth, called the enamel. Minor cracks rarely need treatment, however your dentist may lightly polish the area to smooth out any rough spots.
- Cracked tooth — This type of fracture involves the whole tooth, from the chewing surface all the way down to the nerve. The pieces remain in place, but the crack gradually spreads. Cracks can sometimes be repaired with filling material. The tooth often will need a crown to prevent the crack from getting worse. If the pulp (nerve and other live tissues) is damaged, you may need a root canal as well.
- Chips — Minor chips don’t always need treatment. Your dentist may suggest repairing the damage with filling material to prevent it from getting worse or to make the tooth look and feel better. If the chip is very small, the dentist may polish and smooth out the chipped area.
- Broken cusp — These breaks affect the pointed chewing surfaces (the cusps) of the teeth. They usually do not affect the pulp and are unlikely to cause much pain. Your dentist may repair the damage to restore the tooth’s shape. Frequently, however, a crown will be required.
- Serious breaks — These breaks go deep enough to expose the nerve. They almost always cause the tooth to hurt and be sensitive. Sometimes the broken part of the tooth will bleed. You will need root canal treatment to remove the exposed nerve and probably a crown to restore the tooth to normal function so you can eat and chew properly.
- Vertical breaks or split root — These cracks start in the root of the tooth and extend upward toward the chewing surface. These breaks are often painful because the area around the root may be inflamed or infected. In most cases, the tooth will have to be removed and replaced with a bridge or a dental implant.
- Decay-induced break — In this case, the tooth has broken or crumbled because a cavity weakened it from the inside out. Your dentist will evaluate the cavity and recommend the best way to restore the tooth. In some cases, if the decay is extensive and goes down to the bone, the tooth may have to be removed and replaced with a bridge or a dental implant.
Root canal treatment is needed for two main reasons:
An untreated cavity is a common cause of pulp infection. The decay erodes the enamel and dentin of the tooth until it reaches a root canal. This allows bacteria to infect the pulp and antibiotics are not a permanent solution. The inflammation caused by the infection reduces the blood supply to the tooth. The reduced blood supply also keeps the pulp from healing.
Trauma or a fractured tooth can damage the pulp. So can a lot of restorations, such as several fillings placed in the same tooth over a period of time.An infection in the pulp can affect the bone around the tooth. This can cause an abscess to form. The goal of root canal treatment is to save the tooth by removing the infected or damaged pulp, treating any infection, and filling the empty root canals.
If root canal treatment is not done, an infected tooth may have to be extracted. It is better to keep your natural teeth if you can. If a tooth is missing, neighboring teeth can drift out of line. They also can be overstressed from chewing. Keeping your natural teeth also helps you to avoid other treatments, such as implants or bridges. Also, if you ignore an infected or injured tooth the infection can spread to other parts of your body.
An uncomplicated root canal treatment often can be completed in one visit. Once the root canal treatment is finished, you will need to have a crown or filling placed on the tooth. You are likely to receive a crown if the tooth is discolored or if it is used for chewing. The purpose of the crown is to prevent the tooth from breaking in the future.
Dr. Halpin performs most root canals himself, so a referral is rarely required.
What makes you unhappy about your smile? Is it crooked teeth, gaps between your teeth, or stains? Whatever it is, Bridgeview Dental offers the latest Smile Makeover procedures to solve these issues and create the smile of your dreams.
A Smile Makeover is a cosmetic dentistry treatment plan that uses both cosmetic and aesthetic procedures to restore and improve your smile. Quickly and comfortably, Halifax dentist, Dr. Andrew Halpin can correct:
- Crooked, overlapped teeth
- Chipped, broken, worn teeth
- Unattractive metal fillings
- Missing teeth
- Gaps between teeth
- Gummy smiles
- Stained, discolored teeth
Your smile will be transformed, and your self-confidence will be renewed with a stunning, straight, white smile! A thorough dental examination is the first step to a more beautiful smile. During the consultation, you will discuss your goals, expectations, and desired outcome to determine how your new smile will look.
Before cosmetic work can begin, any outstanding dental health issues must be addressed and corrected. When the function of your mouth, teeth and gums is in good shape, Dr. Halpin is ready to move on to the “beauty” portion of enhancing your smile.
Each Smile Makeover is different and highly individual.
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is characterized by an interruption in breathing during sleep. People with this disorder may stop breathing up to hundreds of times during the night, often for a second or two at a time. Symptoms of sleep apnea include:
- Interruption in breathing patterns during sleep
- A feeling of being tired and not getting enough sleep
Diagnosis of sleep apnea will characterize what kind of problem you have. Obstructive sleep apnea is the more common of the two kinds. This is where the back of the throat collapses, obstructing breathing. Central sleep apnea is the less common version of the condition. This is where there is no obstruction of breathing, but the central nervous system fails to signal the lungs to keep breathing during sleep due to some kind of instability in the respiratory system.
Since 2006, Dr. Halpin has been certified in the treatment of snoring and sleep apnea through the use of oral appliances. He works carefully to diagnose and treat each patient individually.
TMJ (Jaw Joint Disorders)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is pain in the jaw joint that can be caused by a variety of medical problems. The TMJ connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull (temporal bone) in front of the ear. Certain facial muscles control chewing and problems in this area can cause head and neck pain, facial pain, ear pain, headaches, a jaw that is locked in position or difficult to open, problems biting, and jaw clicking or popping sounds when you bite. Dental treatments do not cause TMJ.
TMJ syndrome can be caused by:
- Wear and tear due to aging
- Habits such as grinding or clenching the teeth
- An incorrect bite
- Nail biting
Common symptoms include noticeable pain when a person is moving his or her jaw, such as when eating, chewing, or yawning. The pain will more frequently be on one side of the jaw, but sometimes will be on both sides and can be gradual or sharp and sudden. A sufferer may also feel soreness or tenderness to the face, which may radiate to other areas including the ears, head, neck and even the shoulders. The strain and discomfort often leads to severe headaches, particularly in children. People of any age and gender may suffer from TMJ.
Dr. Halpin has been treating patients with TMJ issues since 2000. Treatment starts with an orthodontic evaluation to determine if you have TMJ and how it can be remedied.
A night guard made by Dr. Halpin, might be given to the TMJ patient to stabilize the jaw during sleep. These night guards, or splints, are clear plastic devices that would be used to reduce teeth grinding and clenching at night (a condition called bruxism). The splints would help in keeping the jaw’s condition from worsening, relieving pain, and helping a displaced disc to return to normal. Dr. Halpin tends to make anterior deprogrammers, as opposed to flat biteplanes. The cost is approximately the same, but the success of anterior deprogrammers much higher.
We are pleased to offer FREE consultations with Dr. Halpin for TMJ.
A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable or broken, cracked and extensively decayed teeth. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are also done.
Dr. Halpin routinely performs all of his own extractions, including wisdom tooth removal.
Most of us have at least one unsightly silver dental filling in our mouths, if not several. There was a time when mercury fillings, also known as amalgam fillings, were the best materials dentists had to restore teeth affected by cavities.
Advances in dental technology have replaced the use of amalgam fillings with white, composite fillings. While mercury fillings are still being placed by some dentists, Dr. Halpin has chosen to treat our patients with only the latest composite and porcelain dental materials.
Dark-coloured amalgam fillings are not only unattractive but these dental fillings can also put teeth at risk of fracture. Over time these metal fillings will corrode and expand, resulting in broken or cracked teeth and/or the development of new decay under these fillings.
Natural-coloured composite (white) fillings closely match the natural colour of your teeth. In fact, even close up they can be difficult to spot, helping to maintain the natural appearance of your smile. The same cannot be said about amalgam fillings, which are easy to spot and undeniably unnatural looking. Silver fillings can corrode and leak metal ions into natural tooth structure, resulting in a dark and even black appearance to your teeth.
You can expect personalized care and service at Bridgeview Dental. Dr. Halpin will thoroughly examine each of your teeth. In many cases we will take digital photographs of your teeth and fillings to allow Dr. Halpin to see hidden or small cracks more easily.
Stronger, mercury–free dental restorations may be recommended if any of your existing amalgam fillings exhibit signs of cracking, wearing, leaking or deteriorating. Depending on the size of your existing filling, the tooth may be best restored with a white filling or a dental inlay or onlay.
Contact us today in Halifax, NS to learn more about how you can achieve the beautiful, functional smile you’ve always wanted!
Whitening: Spa-Dent 1hr Light-Activated Whitening
Tooth whitening is a simple, non-invasive dental treatment used to change the colour of natural tooth enamel and is an ideal way to enhance the beauty of your smile.
Having whiter teeth has now become the number one aesthetic concern of most patients and there are a number of ways to whiten teeth. The most popular method is using a home tooth whitening system that will whiten teeth dramatically. Since tooth whitening only works on natural tooth enamel, it is important to evaluate replacement of any old fillings, crowns, etc. Replacement of any restorations will be done after whitening so they will match the newly whitened teeth.
Tooth whitening is not permanent. A touch-up maybe needed every several years, and more often if you smoke, drink coffee, tea, or red wine. Bridgeview Dental will provide to each patient receiving SpaDent whitening, FREE custom made whitening trays to take home for long term touch-ups so you can keep your smile white and beautiful!
Reasons for tooth whitening:
- Fluorosis (excessive fluoridation during tooth development).
- Normal wear of outer tooth layer.
- Stained teeth due to medications (tetracycline, etc.).
- Yellow, brown stained teeth.
What does tooth whitening involve?
Our clinic now offers Spa-Dent Light Activated Whitening done in 1 hour!
The Spa-Dent whitening process provides the maximum whitening benefit, in the least amount of time with virtually no sensitivity, all under the supervision of your Dental Professional. The revolutionary gel formulation is placed in dual arch mouth trays with the precise dosage of whitening material. Our unique blue and red LED light activates the gel, providing powerful whitening with cellular stimulation.
This process will penetrate but not harm or damage the tooth enamel, including caps, crowns and veneers. The effect whitens the whole “smile” area of a patient’s teeth.
You will be encouraged to visit your dentist regularly to help maintain a beautiful, healthy, white smile.
Wisdom Teeth Removal
See “Tooth Removal”.